Biodiversity is the amazing richness and variety of wildlife and habitats on earth, from snowfields to rain forests and from mountain tops to the deep ocean floor. Even in the twenty-first century England, the range of biodiversity is extraordinary. In the busiest city park and the quietest rocky cove, there is an enormous number of …

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Climate change

Changes in climate have affected the world, and the distribution and abundance of its plants and animals, throughout time. However, during the 20th century, the rate of warming increased dramatically (significantly exceeding any natural variations in climate over the last 1000 years). This coincided with industrial and social development increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases …

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